Define Project Organization - Software Engineering Institute
2. Planning the project organization
The project organization must almost inevitably take direct responsibility for providing the necessary infrastructure and social services on new settlement schemes. In the case of projects whose purpose is to supply irrigation water to already settled areas, there will usually be less need for this. There may well be a need for the project management to participate in decisions concerning infrastructural development (particularly roads) but it should often be possible for direct responsibility for planning and implementation in these fields to be left to other agencies which are already in existence.
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Again, this is partly a question of the level of economic development of the area concerned and of the farmers' experience with irrigated agriculture. Where the farmers' level of education and technical knowledge is low, there are usually considerable advantages in combining agricultural extension and water management activities within the same project organization. There are additional arguments in favour of a combined approach in the case of countries where there has traditionally been a very sharp division of responsibilities between the Department of Irrigation and Public Works, usually headed by civil engineers, and the Department of Agriculture. Very often this divided pattern of organization has had most unsatisfactory results. One of the principal reasons is that the civil engineers are experts in design and construction work, but have no specialist training in irrigation management, which requires a detailed understanding of agricultural processes and the farming community. Moreover, the agriculturalists, whose department is often poorly endowed with resources and has to cover both rainfed and irrigated areas, are often very short of specialist expertise in irrigated agriculture, especially water management extension.
Get Organized Project Organizer will help you visualize your projects and get things done. Be more productive at home or work - no matter what size project you are managing - from planning your next vacation or home remodeling to managing employees or starting your own business.The case for including commercial services within the project organization is usually very strong in new settlement schemes. It is also very important that, on new projects in already settled areas, the project management should ensure satisfactory provision of commercial services. If other existing agencies in the area are poorly developed, the project should be invested with the responsibility for these services, at least initially until the other agencies acquire greater strength. The provision of adequate marketing facilities is likely to be particularly needed in many new projects, because the introduction of irrigation will create a potential for cultivating crops which have previously been unknown in the area; if farmers lack reliable marketing outlets for these crops they will not be prepared to take the risks of adopting them.